Nutrition Guide+ Glossary

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Collagen Amino Acids
Functional Foods
  • bone broths
  • gelatin
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Protein found in the connective tissues of the body—the “glue” that helps hold the body together
    • It keeps our nails strong, our skin supple + plays an important role in joint health
  • Fetal Development
    • Helps build skin, hair, nails + bones
Beta-Glucan Sugars
Functional Foods
  • barley
  • oats
  • mushrooms
  • yeasts
  • seaweed
  • algae
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • An immune system booster
    • Can improve blood glucose levels
    • Can improve insulin resistance
    • Can improve cholesterol levels
  • Breastfeeding
    • Can increase breastmilk production by assisting in the production of prolactin, the milk making hormone
Probiotics Bacteria
Functional Foods
  • yogurt
  • kefir
  • lacto-fermented sauerkraut
  • kimchi
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Improves gut health, leading to better nutrient absorption
    • Strengthens immune system
  • Fertility
    • Allows key nutrients for conception to be absorbed properly
  • Pregnancy
    • May reduce the chance of developing pregnancy allergies
    • Helps improve slowed digestion during pregnancy + reduce constipation
    • Improves gut health, leading to better nutrient absorption
    • May help prevent strep B
  • Fetal Development
    • Increases beneficial bacteria diversity passed to baby through the birth canal, improving its chances for long-term health and reducing the risk of colic, allergy + infection
  • Breastfeeding
    • Strengthens mom's gut so undigested food particles don't leak into her milk + irritate baby which can lead to colic
    • Passes through breastmilk to help cultivate baby's microbiome + increase immunity
Omega-6 Fatty Acids
Functional Foods
  • vegetable oils
  • nuts
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Important for heart health and reducing levels of cholesterol in the blood
    • May help stimulate skin and hair growth
    • Helps reduce nerve pain
    • Fights inflammation when combined in proper ratio with Omega-3
  • Fertility
    • Improves reproductive cell structure, decreases the risk of inflammation + improves the condition of organs in the body
  • Fetal Development
    • May reduce the risk of asthma development, when coupled with Omega-3 in the right ratio
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Functional Foods
  • fatty fish
  • pastured animal meats
  • flax oil
  • flaxseeds
  • chia
  • walnuts
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps regulate hormones + normalize menstrual cycle
    • Maintains healthy brain function and may help prevent against depression
    • Helps boost immunity
    • Reduces inflammation
    • Can help prevent against allergies
  • Fertility
    • Helps increase cervical mucous
    • Promotes ovulation + improves the overall quality of the uterus by increasing blood flow to the reproductive organs
    • Helps regulate hormones in the body
  • Pregnancy
    • Improves immune system function
  • Fetal Development
    • Boosts brain development, nervous system development + vision
    • Linked to enhanced attention span + higher IQ in early childhood
    • Helps prevent allergy development
  • Breastfeeding
    • Found in many lactogenic foods; used to help increase breastmilk production
    • Reduces risk of eczema development in baby
Zinc Minerals
Functional Foods
  • oysters
  • mussels
  • pumpkin seeds
  • sesame seeds
  • beef
  • lamb
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Works with over 200 enzymes (whoa!) in the body to keep things functioning smoothly
  • Fertility
    • Used to produce mature eggs ready for fertilization
    • Maintains proper follicular fluid levels to help the egg travel down the fallopian tubes
    • Helps with hormone regulation
  • Pregnancy
    • Zinc deficiency can weaken uterine tissue, resulting in less effective contractions + a tougher birth
  • Fetal Development
    • May result in calmer babies
    • Needed for cell growth + DNA function
  • Postpartum
    • Helps speed tissue repair and reduce chances of infection following tearing or episiotomy
    • Enhances muscle contraction necessary to promote involution, or shrinking, of the uterus during postpartum recovery
  • Breastfeeding
    • Known to heal cracked nipples
    • Supports milk production
Selenium Minerals
Functional Foods
  • tuna
  • shrimp
  • sardines
  • peanuts
  • brazil nuts
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Major antioxidant protecting cells, lungs, DNA, the heart + other tissues
    • Aids thyroid function + immunity
  • Fertility
    • Supports egg production
    • Deficiency has been linked to male infertility
  • Pregnancy
    • May reduce risk of miscarriage
    • May reduce risk of preclampsia
    • Protects the body against the detrimental effects of heavy metals which can make their way into the placenta + fetus
  • Fetal Development
    • Helps prevent muscular dystrophy
  • Postpartum Recovery
    • May lower the risk of postpartum depression
Manganese Minerals
Functional Foods
  • oats
  • brown rice
  • chickpeas
  • seafood
  • seeds
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Activates enzymes necessary for digestion, improving nutrient absorption
    • Helps with collagen production + energy
  • Fertility
    • Involved in the production of reproductive hormones
  • Pregnancy
    • Involved in energy production and connective tissue production/maintenance
  • Fetal Development
    • Improves nervous system function + development
    • Helps prevent abnormalities and behavioral problems
    • Helps forms bones + cartilage
    • Activates enzymes
  • Breastfeeding
    • Believed to help with lactation
Iron Minerals
Functional Foods
  • red meat
  • legumes
  • dried apricots
  • soybeans
  • sesame seeds
  • olives
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps prevent anemia which can lead to low energy + headaches
  • Fertility
    • Women without adequate iron may fail to ovulate and possibly produce eggs of poor health, which can inhibit pregnancy at a rate 60% higher than those with sufficient iron stores in their blood
  • Pregnancy
    • Essential for making hemoglobin which carries oxygen through the red blood cells to other cells + baby
    • Helps maintain a healthy immune system
    • Helps prevent anemia
    • It is crucial to have adequate iron levels due to pregnancy's increased blood supply
  • Fetal Development
    • Important component of myoglobin (a protein that helps supply oxygen to your muscles), collagen (a protein in bone, cartilage, and other connective tissue) as well as many enzymes
  • Postpartum
    • Helps replenish iron depleted through blood loss during birth
Iodine Minerals
Functional Foods
  • sea vegetables
  • seafood
  • organic dairy
  • eggs
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Assists thyroid metabolism
  • Fertility
    • Necessary for proper thyroid function which manufactures the hormones we need for conception
    • Low levels of thryroid hormone can cause women to stop ovulating
  • Pregnancy
    • Insufficient levels of iodine during pregnancy have been linked with an increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery, and stillbirth
  • Fetal Development
    • Needed for brain and nervous system development
    • May boost baby's IQ
  • Postpartum
    • Can help restore thryroid function after birth
Copper Minerals
Functional Foods
  • sesame seeds
  • cashews
  • mushrooms
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Increases energy
    • Helps destroy viruses + bacteria
  • Fertility
    • May help improve male infertility
  • Pregnancy
    • Essential for forming red blood cells, crucial with your doubling blood volume
  • Fetal Development
    • Involved in the production/maintenance of connective tissue
    • Helps form your baby's heart, blood vessels, and skeletal and nervous systems
  • Postpartum
    • Improves healing after birth (helps mend tissues)
Potassium Minerals
Functional Foods
  • potatoes
  • avocado
  • banana
  • white beans
  • dried apricots
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps enzymes to function (improving digestion + energy)
  • Pregnancy
    • Maintains balance of fluids + electrolytes (very important with pregnancy blood volume expansion)
    • Helps your muscles contract to begin labor
    • Can help reduce leg cramps in pregnancy, especially third trimester
    • Can reduce risk of developing gestational diabetes
  • Postpartum
    • Facilitates recovery and energy in the postpartum
Magnesium Minerals
Functional Foods
  • seeds
  • leafy greens
  • cacao
  • avocado
  • figs
  • cashews
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Necessary for calcium + vitamin D absorption for healthy bones
    • Helps relieve stress
  • Fertility
    • Helps control stress levels facilitating helathy hormone metabolism
  • Pregnancy
    • May reduce risk of miscarriage
    • May reduce morning sickness
    • Helps maintain the pregnancy (reduce chance of preterm labor) by helping to relax muscles (avoiding early contractions)
  • Fetal Development
    • May reduce risk of SIDS after birth
    • Helps with calcium metabolism for strong bones + teeth
  • Postpartum
    • May reduce the risk of Postpartum Depression
  • Breastfeeding
    • Helps relieve stress which can improve let-down
Calcium Minerals
Functional Foods
  • sardines
  • sesame seeds
  • organic yogurt
  • leafy greens
  • canned salmon
  • organic cheese
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Important for maintaining bone health
    • Needed for our heart, muscles, and nerves to function properly
    • Needed for blood to clot
  • Fertility
    • Helps create an alkaline environment in the reproductive tract, triggering sperm to whip their tails, propelling them into the egg
  • Pregnancy
    • Helps prevent against bone loss/tooth decay in pregnancy
  • Fetal Development
    • Needed to build strong bones + teeth
    • Helps your baby grow a healthy heart, nerves, and muscles as well as develop a normal heart rhythm and blood-clotting abilities
  • Breastfeeding
    • Can help increase milk supply especially when menstrual cycle return during lactation
Pantothenic Acid Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • liver
  • sunflower seeds
  • trout
  • mushrooms
  • avocado
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Essential for the production of hormones and cholesterol and for the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
    • Essential to all life as a component of coenzyme A (CoA), which is necessary for many chemical reactions in cells
    • Helps produce energy from the food you eat
  • Fertility
    • May improve the ability for the egg to release (reduce chance of anovulation)
  • Pregnancy
    • Helps protect against mental and physical stress
  • Fetal Development
    • Necassary for vital chemical cell reactions in development process
Niacin Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • chicken
  • yeast
  • liver
  • seafood
  • peanuts
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Needed to produce energy from the food you eat
  • Fetal Development
    • May increase birth length
  • Postpartum
    • Helps with energy production for those sleepless nights
Vitamin K Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • leafy greens
  • blackberries
  • cruciferous vegetables
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • May increase life span
  • Fertility
    • Plays a key role in blood clotting
  • Pregnancy
    • Helps with blood clotting to stop bleeding after labor
  • Fetal Development
    • Helps prevent hemoraging of the baby's brain/internal organs after birth
    • Needed for healthy bone development and synthesizing protein in the liver
Folate Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • legumes
  • leafy greens
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • May reduce risk of developing high blood pressure
  • Fertility
    • May reduce risk of miscarriage
  • Pregnancy
    • Critical for DNA synthesis and cell division
    • Helps protect against anemia
  • Fetal Development
    • Decreases risks of neural tube defects (brain, spine, spinal cord)
    • May reduce risk of premature delivery
    • A methyl donor with an effect on genetic expression that may assist in creating a foundation for baby's health into old adulthood
Vitamin E Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • sunflower seeds
  • almonds
  • spinach
  • avocado
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Protection against toxins such as air pollution, eye disorders such as cataracts, neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and diabetes
    • Can reduce PMS
  • Fertility
    • Thickens the uterine lining
    • Increases sperm health + motility
    • Improves glucose metabolism + insulin activity to help prevent fertility disorders like PCOS
  • Pregnancy
    • Reduced risk of infection + anemia
  • Fetal Development
    • Associated with fetal growth
    • Protects embryo against inflammation
    • Reduces certain types of heart defects
    • Protects cells against toxic damage
  • Breastfeeding
    • Passes through breastmilk to continue supporting baby's development (colostrum is a very rich source of vitamin E)
Vitamin D Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • mushrooms
  • salmon
  • sardines
  • fortified dairy
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Necessary for calcium absorption + healthy bones
    • Suggested to supply a protective effect against multiple diseases and conditions such as cancer, type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis
  • Fertility
    • Vitamin D appears to positively impact in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), as well as boost levels of progesterone and estrogen, which regulate menstrual cycles and improve the likelihood of successful conception
    • Increases testosterone in men
  • Pregnancy
    • Reduces risk of preterm labor, gestational diabetes + infection
    • Allows mom to better absorb calcium for baby's health bone development
  • Fetal Development
    • Supports healthy bone development
    • Deficiency in utero may lead to impaired lung + cognitive development, higher risk of eating disorders and lower peak bone mass for children later in life
  • Postpartum
    • May help prevent postpartum depression
Vitamin B12 Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • shellfish
  • liver
  • sardines
  • low-mercury fish
  • meats
  • live bacteria
  • yeasts or molds
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Balances hormones
    • Important role in coverting food to energy + absorbing nutrients
    • Helps prevent neurological problems
  • Fertility
    • Used to methylate the liver + help it remove toxins
    • Removing hormone build-up that can affect our cycle + fertility
    • B12 deficiency can result in the failure to release an egg (called anovulation)
  • Pregnancy
    • Increases white blood cell count helping boost mom's compromised immune system
    • Helps prevent pregnancy anemia, allowing oxygen to flow unobstructed through mom and baby
  • Fetal Development
    • Helps in baby’s development of nervous system and actually lead to calmer, quieter babies who sleep up to 8x better than babies who received less b12 in utero
    • B12 is a methyl donor, meaning it has an impact on a fetus' gene expressions and can support the long-term health of the child by preventing certain genes from getting accidentally turned on
Vitamin B6 Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • low-mercury tuna
  • organ meats
  • beef
  • poultry
  • fish
  • quinoa
  • legumes
  • potatoes
  • bananas
  • yeast
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps regulate irregular cycles
    • Boosts immune system
  • Fertility
    • Increases progesterone levels, which are necessary for extending the luteal cycle in which the egg is able to implant
  • Pregnancy
    • Helps reduce nausea
    • Can reduce risk of miscarriage by increasing levels of progesterone (necessary for healthy implantation)
  • Fetal Development
    • Vital to baby's developing brain + nervous system
    • Helps form red blood cells + produce protein for new cells
    • Helps the body make neurotransmitters
Riboflavin Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • liver
  • lamb
  • dairy
  • yeast
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Boosts energy by helping to convert carbohydrates into sugar, helps regulate thyroid
    • Boosts mineral absorbtion
  • Pregnancy
    • Boosts mineral absorption
    • Helps maintains mom's energy
  • Fetal Development
    • Ensures proper growth of organs + nervous system
    • Ensures healthy skin, nail + hair growth
  • Breastfeeding
    • Can help increase breastmilk production
Thiamin Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • sunflower seeds
  • beans
  • barley
Recommended Meal
  • Pregnancy
    • Needed to produce energy to assist with developing fetus
  • Fetal Development
    • Essential for baby's brain development and healthy growth
  • Postpartum
    • Helpful for boosting energy levels after birth
    • May reduce risk of PPD
Choline Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • pork
  • fish
  • legumes
  • eggs
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps preserve memory and brain function
  • Fertility
    • May reduce risk of miscarriage and improve sperm + egg quality
  • Pregnancy
    • Can help with foggy "pregnancy brain" by improving memory
  • Fetal Development
    • Reduces risk of neural tube defect
    • Precursor to the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine for memory + muscle control
    • Adequate intake of choline in pregnancy can increase baby's memory and capacity for learning into adulthood
  • Breastfeeding
    • Nursing moms need even more choline (550 mg/day) than pregnancy to pass through their milk supply and help baby's developing brain
Vitamin A Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • liver
  • grass-fed butter
  • fish eggs
  • carrots
  • spinach
  • sweet potatoes
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps maintain healthy vision + immune system function
    • Maintains healthy skin
    • Aids in fat metabolism (for healthy weight maintanence + nutrient absorbtion)
    • Powerful antioxidant for cancer + disease prevention
  • Fertility
    • Promotes more cervical fluid, creating a healthier environment for sperm to live longer in
    • Assists in the maturation of the follicles that deliver the egg from the ovaries to the uterus
  • Fetal Development
    • Important to the development of baby's heart, lungs, kidneys, eyes, the circulatory, respiratory and central nervous systems
  • Postpartum
    • Aids in postpartum tissue repair
  • Breastfeeding
    • Vitamin A is passed through breastmilk and the amounts present are subject to the amounts consumed and metabolized by mom
Vitamin C Vitamins
Functional Foods
  • papaya
  • bell peppers
  • broccoli
  • brussel sprouts
  • strawberries
  • pineapple
Recommended Meal
  • Female Health
    • Helps maintain healthy cycle + reduce heavy periods
    • Helps increase absorption of plant based iron, necessary for production of collagen for healthy hair, bones, nails + skin
    • Supports healthy immune function
    • Helps fight infections
    • Helps repair + regenerate tissues
    • May help decrease bad cholesterol
  • Fertility
    • Helps trigger ovulation
    • Helps improve male sperm quality and reduce DNA damage
  • Pregnancy
    • Helps mom to absorb iron easier from plant based foods which is used to carry oxygen to baby in utero
  • Fetal Development
    • Builds strong bones and teeth
    • Boosts immunity
    • Keep blood vessels strong and red blood cells healthy
  • Postpartum
    • Essential for tissue repair, helping mom's recovery post birth

Glossary

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a
  • Antioxidant
    Antioxidant

    "Antioxidants protect your cells by helping to prevent or stop cell damage caused by oxidants. (Get it? Antioxidants.) Oxidants are free radicals that exist in the environment, but they are also produced naturally in your body.
    Your body creates them to help fend off viruses and microbes, but if you have too many, they can cause serious damage and contribute to certain cancers and heart disease. You also get hit with oxidants daily from things like air pollution, cigarette smoke, and alcohol. The joys of urban living. (Gross.)"

  • Assimilation
    Assimilation

    How well we absorb nutrients from food into cells or across the tissues and organs. Nutrient absorption can be aided through food preparation (like soaking grains), using digestive spices (like cumin or fennel), or increasing our healthy gut bacteria (through pre- and probiotics).

c
  • Colic
    Colic

    Used to describe the severe pain in a baby's belly from digestive distress and/or to describe the resulting behavior of constant crying that ensues.

  • Conception
    Conception

    The action of conceiving a child.

d
  • Digestibility
    Digestibility

    We use this term in two ways, as a noun to describe the fitness of something for digestion or as the quantity of food taken into the digestive tract that is able to be broken down into nutrients absorbed by the body.

e
  • Endocrine System
    Endocrine System

    The endocrine system is responsible for our hormones. It's made up of the glands that secrete the hormones that regulate metabolism, growth + sexual development and function.

  • Endocrine Disruptors
    Endocrine Disruptors

    Chemicals or foods that can disrupt hormone function in certain doses.

  • Epigenetics
    Epigenetics

    In the science of genetics, epigenetics is the study of cellular and physiological phenotypic trait variations that switch genes on and off and affect how cells express genes, as a result of external or environmental factors. For example, a study conducted on the population of a small village in Africa, found that children born to mothers who were pregnant during the rainy season (and able to eat more leafy green vegetables) lived longer and were less likely to develop chronic diseases later in life than children born to mothers pregnant during the dry season (with less nutrient-dense foods available).

f
  • Fermentation
    Fermentation

    The activation of certain yeasts, enzymes or bacterias to grow.

  • Fertility
    Fertility

    Ability to conceive children.

  • Functional Food
    Functional Food

    Foods that have a specific, positive effect on health beyond basic nutrition. Think fish oil for brain power or antioxidant-rich blueberries for disease prevention.

  • Fatty Acid
    Fatty Acid

    Most of what we hear about fatty acids—the hydrocarbon chain that makes up fats and oils—is in regards to Omegas -3 and -6. The science is loud and clear: the correct balance of fatty acids is essential if you want to be the healthiest you can be. Most Americans consume the wrong amount—and the wrong ratio of these highly benefical fats. Omega-3 and Omega-6 should be consumed in a 1:1 ratio or even one higher for Omega-3. Most consume a 1:20 or 1:50 ratio and also consume a lot of unhealthy polyunsaturated fats (think processed food). Both Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats are PUFAs (Polyunsaturated Fats), and they're both essential to your health, but when Omega-6 is consumed in excess, it becomes problematic. As a group, fatty acids consumed in the wrong ratios tend to stimulate inflammatory processes in your body, rather than inhibit them.

g
  • Galactagogue
    Galactagogue

    A food or drug that promotes or increases the flow of a mother's milk. For example, barley, one of the oldest known and most effective galactagogues.

  • Genetic Expression
    Genetic Expression

    Gene expression is the process by which the heritable information in a gene—the sequence of DNA base pairs—is made into a functional gene product, such as protein or RNA. Several steps in the gene expression process may be modulated (tuned). This includes both the transcription and translation stages, and the final folded state of a protein. This is where epigenetics comes into play. Gene regulation switches genes on and off and thus, controls cell differentiation, and morphogenesis. Gene regulation may also serve as a basis for evolutionary change: control of the timing, location, and amount of gene expression can have a profound effect on the development of the organism.

  • GMO
    GMO

    GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organism and is the term used to label crops that use Genetically Modified seeds. Because there have not been long-term studies on the impacts of GMOs we avoid them wherever possible. By requirement, anything that is certified organic cannot be made from GMOs.

  • Grass-fed
    Grass-fed

    Grass-fed is (unfortunately) an unregulated term, that is used to denote animal products made from animals on a natural pastured (or grass-fed) diet versus grain or animal protein fed.

h
  • Hormone
    Hormone

    A natural product produced by the body and circulated throughout, impacting the way the body functions. It is usually a stimulatory effect on an activity of cells. Hormone-like substances are synthetic products that can function as hormones in the body. In other words, hormones are types of chemicals released by individual cells that carry messages from one cell to another. The human body contains various types of hormones, each having a specific role in the functioning of the body and affecting hormone metabolism differently.

  • Hormone Disruptors
    Hormone Disruptors

    See endocrine disruptors.

  • Hormone Metabolism
    Hormone Metabolism

    Hormone metabolism is a series of chemical reactions within the cells of the human body. These chemical reactions involve converting the food we eat into energy, allowing the body to work at optimum performance. The hormone known as estrogen is also key to proper hormone metabolism. Estrogens are naturally occurring steroids found within the human body. These hormones are dominant in women and play a key role in female reproductive health. Abnormal estrogen levels are believed to play a key role in cancers involving the female reproductive system, including the breasts.

l
  • Lactogenic
    Lactogenic

    A hormone or substance that induces the secretion of milk.

  • Let-Down
    Let-Down

    "Let-down is a bodily reflex that allows milk to be released from the breast. It is needed in combination with milk production to feed the baby. This let-down reflex usually happens after your baby has been sucking the breast for about two minutes. Some women feel this let-down reflex as a tingling or a warmth. Other women don’t feel their let-down at all. Even if you don’t feel it, you will see a change in the baby’s swallowing patterns and hear your baby swallowing.
    Some moms with sensitive reflexes can let down their milk either right before or right at the beginning of a breastfeeding session. Many women experience an uncontrolled let-down reflex when they hear a baby cry or think of their child—suddenly, milk will begin to flow even if their baby is not nursing."

m
  • Macronutrient
    Macronutrient

    Nutrients are natural substances found in the environment used for energy, growth + bodily functions by organisms. Those that are needed in large amounts are called macronutrients; those needed in smaller amounts are called micronutrients, but they are no less important. The three macronutrients humans need are: Carbohydrates, Protein and Fat (aka Lipids). Some experts also believe water to be a macronutrient.

  • Mastitis
    Mastitis

    Inflammation of the mammary gland in the breast, typically due to bacterial infection via a damaged nipple. Not expressing your milk enough when it first comes in after birth can lead to blocked ducts and mastitis. Avoiding sugar and alcohol, drinking echinacea tea, eating enzyme-rich pineapple [link to blog post] and loading up on anti-inflammatories and anti-bacterials like turmeric and raw garlic can help remedy the early onset of infection.

  • Maternal Health
    Maternal Health

    The state of a women's health during conception, pregnancy and the postpartum.

  • Methylation
    Methylation

    Methylation makes embryonic stem cells differentiate irreversibly into different types of body tissue. It suppresses the expression of harmful stretches of DNA that have found their way into human DNA over time, such as endogenous retroviruses and mutations. Methylation is very important in neural development and it appears to be essential to long-term memory formation. Certain micronutrients are very important to DNA methylation (like folate and choline). When these nutrients are lacking, DNA can be undermethylated, leaving our children at greater susceptibility to long-term chronic disease into adulthood.

  • Microbiome
    Microbiome

    Some use “microbiome” to mean all the microbes in a community. We and others use it to mean the full collection of genes of all the microbes in a community. The human microbiome (all of our microbes’ genes) can be considered a counterpart to the human genome (all of our genes). The genes in our microbiome outnumber the genes in our genome by about 100 to 1. Oftentimes, you hear about the gut microbiome, believed to be very important to disease prevention, allergy prevention + proper nutrient assimilation. We cook up foods to support your gut microbiome, feeding that beneficial bacteria with delicious prebiotics and replenishing it with a number of live, active cultures.

  • Micronutrient
    Micronutrient

    Nutrients are natural substances in the environment used for energy, growth + bodily functions by organisms. Those that are needed in large amounts are called macronutrients, those needed in smaller amounts are called micronutrients, but they are no less important. Micronutrients are made up of two main types: Vitamins + Minerals. These ensure normal metabolism, growth + wellbeing. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body.

  • Mineral
    Mineral

    Minerals are important micronutrients that are solid, inorganic substances of natural occurrence. They hold up and cannot be broken down further. These are actual elements needed by the body and can be found on the periodic table (like Copper, Zinc, Magnesium + Manganese).

n
  • Neural Tube
    Neural Tube

    The neural tube is the hollow structure within an embryo from which the brain and spinal cord form.

  • Non-irradiated
    Non-irradiated

    Term used for foods (in our case spices) that haven't undergone a process of radiation to sterilize the product and kill any living bacteria and enzymes (both good and bad).

  • Nutrient Density
    Nutrient Density

    Nutrient-dense foods are foods that have a lot of nutrients (vitamins, minerals, essential amino + fatty acids, etc.), in comparison to calories. This doesn't mean they are low-calorie foods; it just means calorie-for-calorie, when compared to other foods, it takes nutrient-dense foods a lot less calories to achieve the same amount of nutrition.

  • Nutrient Deficiency
    Nutrient Deficiency

    An inadequate level of essential nutrients in the tissues and blood (as vitamins and minerals) based off of determinations by the medical community for specific age and sex groups.

o
  • Organic
    Organic

    For the purpose of this site, we use Organic to denote USDA Organic. This is a specific standard that ensures the organic farms and processors who produce the products:
    Preserve natural resources and biodiversity
    Support animal health and welfare
    Provide access to the outdoors so that animals can exercise their natural behaviors
    Only use approved materials
    Do not use genetically modified ingredients
    Receive annual onsite inspections
    Separate organic food from non-organic food

p
  • Pastured
    Pastured

    See grass-fed.

  • Postpartum
    Postpartum

    The postpartum or postnatal period is the motherhood phase beginning immediately after the birth of a child and extending for about six weeks. Also referred to as the puerperium or puerperal period.

  • Prenatal
    Prenatal

    A word that refers to pregnancy or the period leading up to the birth

  • Preterm Labor
    Preterm Labor

    Preterm Labor is when your body starts getting ready for birth too early in your pregnancy. Labor is premature if it starts more than three weeks before your due date or before 37 weeks gestation.

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  • Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
    Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)

    Recommended dietary allowances, or RDAs for short, are the daily dietary intake levels of a nutrient considered sufficient by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine to meet the requirements of 97.5% of healthy individuals in each life-stage and sex group.

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  • Synthetic
    Synthetic

    A substance made by chemical synthesis to imitate a natural product. Such as folic acid (the synthetic version of folate).

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  • Thrush
    Thrush

    Thrush is basically a yeast infection of the breast. Feeding a healthy gut microbiome (avoiding processed foods and refined or added sugars, eating fermented and probiotic rich foods, enjoying prebiotic foods high in insoluble fiber, etc.) can help prevent thrush.

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  • Vitamin
    Vitamin

    Vitamins are important micronutrients that are organic and can be broken down by heat, air, or acid. This means it's harder for vitamins to find a way into your body, since cooking, storage and simple air exposure can reduce their potency or change their structure.